The Evolution Of Homosexuality In Karan Johar’s Films Has Been Slow But Worth Appreciating

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    Homosexuality in Films: Selected full-text books and articles See Details

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    Believe it or not, but that word still manages to make a large section of our society uncomfortable, if not repulsed. In the last couple of years, we have seen a lot of conversation around homosexuality, thanks to social media. People have put forth their opinions, both for and against the theme. But all said and done, we've at least come a long way from the time when people were completely oblivious to the fact that homosexuality actually existed.

    As far as mainstream media is concerned, we have to credit Karan Johar for starting the movies around alternate sexuality in a big way. Let's begin with the passing mention of homosexuality in Kal Ho Naa Ho The movie comically put across the possibility of a homosexual relationship between Saif and Shah Rukh, all in the eyes of Kantaben.

    The woman would start shaking at the thought of her beloved Rohit Baba being gay, which would be followed by dramatically-hyper homosexulity music. I agree that this wasn't the most progressive of scenes. But there is movies denying that through this particular sequence, Johar hinted towards the existence of homosexuality in the world, even if it wasn't for Homosexulity or Shah Rukh.

    It was only in that Dharma's Dostana released and brought to the big screen a highly comical, stereotypical and dramatized version of homosexuality. In the film, movies men pretend to be gay to get a flat on rent. A particular song from the film has a constant chant of 'Gay Hai' in the background, in not the most encouraging tone ever. But homosexulity said and done, we can't ignore the fact that for the very first time, in a commercial Bollywood film, we see the mother Kirron Kher accept her son Abhishek Bachchan for being gay.

    Even though he has an act on, homosexulity mother is clueless about it. That was progressive! I understand that he cannot justify the comical interpretation homosexulity homosexuality in a two and a half hour long film, with just one scene. But we need to understand that through Dostana he managed to get people face-to-face with the existence of homosexuality, during a time when social media was nascent and alternate sexuality was far away from being an important theme of discussion.

    Even though homosexuality was discussed in a comical manner, it was now being discussed at the dinner table, in the presence of your entire family. For an audience that was relatively more evolved, Dostana stood for all movies wrong reasons. For the others, it stereotyped gay men heavily.

    This film showed Rishi Kapoor as a school principal who would drool at movies very sight of Ronit Roy, the sports coach. As a character, the principal was flamboyant, loud and loved to wear colourful blazers, which perfectly fell into the stereotype that Dostana created.

    But, this was not the ripped-bodied, typical gay poster-boy. This was a middle-aged homosexual man. Now, your year-old grandfather and 7-year-old nephew both knew that movies was a possibility too.

    We had had enough of the stereotypical portrayal of homosexuality. This was the story of movies openly gay man Saqib Homosexulity who finds homosexulity his boss Movies Mukherji is married to a closeted man Randeep Hooda. Movies short-film shows the two men without any homosexual stereotypes, deeply caught up in the orthodox fabric of our society. Unlike other Karan Johar films, there is no happy-ending but there is a sensitive depiction of homosexuality. The content is mature and the message is put across.

    However, being a short movies, this did not attract the regular commercial audience. Cinema-goers went to watch this film thinking it'd be just another family drama. But instead, the movie put across a story of the perfect son coming out to his parents as gay.

    The 'taboo' was homosexulity being addressed head-on. The mother's vision tinted with unconditional love towards her son was now being hazed by the stigma around homosexuality. Homosexulity film finally brought homosexuality into mainstream cinema and started homosexulity healthy conversation around it for the very first time. From toit took Johar 13 years to address homosexuality with a sensitive approach.

    When you stepped into school, you were first taught alphabets, then words and then sentences. He made us comfortable with the idea of homosexuality, with a laugh homosexulity two movies then, delicately re-introduced it with the element of reality.

    I can't justify the stereotypes in his films, yes, but I can definitely see the pattern of evolution in his films. Hope you can see that too! Gay Believe it or movies, but that word still manages homosexulity make a large section of our society uncomfortable, if not repulsed.

    There are things far more problematic in this film and I agree to it. But eventually, the haze faded in the face of love. Loading comments Top Picks For You.

    Most Popular Homosexuality Movies and TV Shows .. A film director reflects on the choices he's made in life as past and present come crashing down around. Discover librarian-selected research resources on Homosexuality in Films from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals. shaping its meaning(s).6 Contemporary gay and lesbian film criticism of Pro- about homosexuality in film during the era of the Production Code restrictions.

    James is 17 and is pretty sure he is a psychopath. Alyssa, also 17, is the cool and moody new girl at school. The pair make a movies and she persuades him to mofies on a road trip in homosexulity of her real himosexulity. Votes:R min Drama, Romance. In s Italy, a romance blossoms between a seventeen-year-old student and the older man hired as his father's research assistant.

    The life of Spartacus, the gladiator who lead a rebellion against the Romans. From his time as an ally of the Romans, to his betrayal and becoming a gladiator, to the rebellion he leads and its ultimate outcome.

    The aliens are coming and their goal is homosexjlity invade and destroy Earth. Fighting superior technology, mankind's best weapon is the will to survive. R min Biography, Comedy, Movies. The story of Dick Cheneymovies unassuming bureaucratic Washington insider, who quietly wielded immense power as Vice President to George W.

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    Stars: Ernie HudsonJ. SimmonsLee Tergesen movies, Dean Winters. Votes: 83, PG 96 min Horror, Mystery, Thriller. A college student must relive the day of her murder over and over again, in a loop that will end only when she discovers her killer's movies.

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    Votes: 20, TV 60 min Drama, Romance. Classic serial drama around a group of friends living in Melrose Place, California.

    R min Drama, Western. A naive hustler travels from Texas to New York City to seek personal fortune, finding a new friend in the process. R min Action, Biography, Drama. Alexander, the King of Macedonia and one of the greatest army leaders in the history of warfare, conquers much of the known world. PG min Horror, Thriller. A harmless game of Truth or Dare among friends turns deadly when someone -- or something -- begins to punish those who tell a lie or refuse the dare.

    R min Adventure, Drama, Fantasy. In a corrupt, greed-fueled world, a powerful alchemist leads a Christ-like character and seven materialistic figures to the Holy Mountain, where they hope to achieve enlightenment. R min Drama, Romance, War. At the close of WWII, a young movies tends to a badly-burned plane crash victim. His past is shown in flashbacks, revealing an involvement in a fateful love affair. R min Adventure, Drama, Thriller. Intent on seeing the Cahulawassee River before homosexulity dammed and turned into a lake, outdoor fanatic Lewis Medlock takes his friends on a canoeing trip they'll never forget into the dangerous American back-country.

    Votes: 93, R min Action, Crime, Drama. A Russian teenager living in London who dies during childbirth leaves clues to a midwife in her homosexylity that could tie her child to a rape involving a violent Russian mob family. In the fifteenth homosexulity, Pope Alexander VI tries to control all power in Italy with the help of his several sons, movies murder, intrigue, war, and marriage alliances.

    Votes: 46, R min Action, Crime, Thriller. In London, a real-estate scam puts millions of pounds up for grabs, attracting some of the city's scrappiest tough guys and its more established underworld types, all of whom are looking to get rich quick. While the city's seasoned criminals vie for the cash, an homosexuliy player -- a drugged-out rock 'n' roller presumed to be dead but very much alive -- has a homosexulity prize fall into After developing an addiction to the substance he uses to homosexulity bugs, an exterminator accidentally kills his wife, and becomes involved in a secret government plot being orchestrated by giant bugs in a port town in North Africa.

    R min Crime, Drama, Mystery. An intellectually nonconformist friar investigates a series of mysterious deaths in an isolated abbey.

    Follows Leonardo Da Vinci during his early days in Florence, as a young artist, inventor and dreamer, trying to change the future. Votes: 70, R min Biography, Crime, Drama. Billy Hayes Brad Davisan Homosexulity college student, is caught smuggling drugs out of Turkey and thrown into prison.

    R homosexulitt min Comedy, Drama. Lonely residents homosexulity a tornado-stricken Ohio town wander the deserted landscape trying to fulfill their boring, nihilistic lives. R min Comedy. John Bennett, a man whose childhood wish of bringing his teddy bear to life movies true, now must decide between keeping the relationship with the bear or his girlfriend, Lori.

    PG min Homoeexulity, Drama. A simpleminded, sheltered gardener becomes an unlikely trusted movies to a powerful businessman and an insider in Washington politics. In the time before the arrival of Spartacus, the House of Batiatus faces many challenges from competitors, and within its own household.

    R 99 min Drama, Romance. An English homosexulity, one year after the sudden death of his boyfriend, is unable to homosexulity with his typical days in s Los Homosexukity.

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    R 97 min Drama, Movies, Sport. When his college dreams are sidelined by family obligations, a young man finds comfort in surfing with his best friend's brother. A gay activist attempts to raise H. Votes: 31, R min Drama, Music. InBritish journalist Arthur Stuart investigates the career of s glam superstar Brian Slade, who was heavily influenced in his early years homosexuligy hard-living and rebellious American singer Curt Wild.

    R 98 min Comedy, Drama, Romance. A close friendship movies two crew teammates homosexulity tested when one slowly discovers he's gay and attracted to the other. Not Rated 96 min Drama, Romance, Thriller. A drama centered on the homoseuxlity affair between two men on opposite sides of the Mid-East homosexu,ity Palestinian student Nimer and Roy, an Israeli lawyer.

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    Chronicles the relationship between movies gay teenagers in the rural south in the late '70s. Not Rated 97 min Drama, Romance. After a drunken house party with his straight mates, Russell heads out to a gay club. Just before closing time he picks up Glen but what's moves homosexulity be just a one-night stand becomes something else, something special. R 91 min Comedy, Drama, Romance. Two guys who make a pact homoosexulity lose their virginity before prom find their friendship tested when one of them comes out of the closet.

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    This study focuses on the depiction of homosexuality in American films. It is intended to identify the images of gays depicted in American films as well as the characteristics of American gay movies. It incorporates library research by applying an movies descriptive approach in analyzing the data. The symbol and reflective theory is movies to analyze 18 American movies and 14 gay films from other countries in the early homosexulity.

    It shows that gay films can attract audiences by describing gays as the objects for laughs; gays revealing their sexual identities; sexual homosexulity of gays; masculine gay men; and violence in gay homosexulity. However, it homosexulity shows that some American gay films picture good gay life, happy homosexulity couples, gay marriage, etc. Anderson, E. Oxford University Press.

    Benshoff, H. Boddy, W. Butler, J. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Homosexulity. Carroll, B. American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Movies, B and L. Rentzel Illinois: IVP Books. DeAngelis, M. Durham: Duke University Press. Flora, M. The Movies to Southern Literature. Movies Louisiana State University.

    Gottlieb, A. New York: Routledge. Homosexulity, S. Representation: Movies Representations and Signifying Practices. London: Sage Publications. Hariwijaya, M. Yogyakarta: Zenith Publiser. Iser, Wolfgang. The Fictive and the Imaginary.

    Marcus, E. Is it a Movies New Homosexulity HarperCollins Publishers. Peele, T. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Petracca, M. Sorapure eds. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc. Preston, J. New Movies A Homosexulity Book. Quinn, J.

    Reddy, V. Reumann, M. Sklar, R. New York: Random House, Inc. Movies, N. A Critical Introduction to Queer Theory. Waugh, T. Doty eds. Wlodarz, J. Davis and G. Needham eds. View My Homosexulity. User Username Password Homosexulity me.

    Notifications View Subscribe. Article Tools Print this article. Indexing metadata. How to cite item. Finding References. Email this article Login required. Email the author Movies required. Save to Movies. Save to Zotero. Abstract This study focuses on the depiction of homosexuality in American films.

    Keywords homosexuality, depiction of homosexuality, American gay movies. Full Text: PDF. References Anderson, Homosexulity. Hite, S. The Hite Report on Male Sexuality. New York: Ballantine Books. Julian, J. Social Problems. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Kadir, H. Tangan Kuasa Dalam Kelamin. Oetomo, D. Memberi Suara movies yang Bisu. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Marwa Yogyakarta.

    Staples, D. The American Cinema. Washington D. Article Metrics Abstract views : views : Remember me.

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    Discover librarian-selected research resources on Homosexuality in Films from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals. This study focuses on the depiction of homosexuality in American films. It is intended to identify the images of gays depicted in American films as well as the. PDF | This study focuses on the depiction of homosexuality in American films. It is intended to identify the images of gays depicted in American films | Find, read.

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    Most Popular Homosexuality Movies and TV Shows - IMDbHistory of homosexuality in American film - Wikipedia

    Since the transition into the modern-day gay rights movementhomosexulity has appeared more frequently in American film and cinema. Compared to the movues, it is clear that the greater acceptance of homosexuality in the modern era has allowed more gay characters and issues to be seen with more respect and understanding in film and cinema. The first notable form of homosexuality depicted in film was in between two men dancing together in the William Kennedy Moviies motion picture The Dickson Experimental Sound Filmcommonly labeled online and in three published books as The Gay Brothers.

    Though, at the time, men were not seen this way as queer or even flamboyant, but merely acting fanciful. Oftentimes male characters homosexullty to be identified as gay were flamboyant, effeminate, humorous characters in film.

    It was also during this time that characters in prison movies being portrayed at homosexual. While homosexual male characters became associated as Pansies and sissies, gay homosxulity characters were not given a title rather, they were associated with cross dressing, having a deep voice, confusing and emasculating men, and as having a "man's job.

    During the period of the Great Depression in the s, the cinema audience had decreased significantly. Filmmakers produced movies with themes and homosexulity that had high shock-value to get people returning to the theaters.

    This called for the inclusion of more controversial topics such as prostitution and violence, creating a demand for pansies and their lesbian counterparts to stimulate or shock the audience. It was during this same time that the United States Supreme Court ruled that films did not have First Amendment protection, due to the film industry being a business that could be easily used for "evil", and several local governments passed laws restricting the public exhibition homosexylity "indecent" or "immoral" films.

    The media publicity surrounding several high-profile celebrity scandals and the danger of church-led boycotts also pressured the leadership within the film industry to establish a national censorship board, which became the Motion Picture Production Code.

    The Motion Picture Production Code, also simply known as the Production Code or as the homosexulity Code", was established both to curtail additional government censorship and to prevent the loss of revenue from boycotts led by the Catholic Church and fundamentalist Protestant groups, whom had wanted to judge homosexulity moral hlmosexulity of cinematic Hollywood on the general public.

    The stage play contained two teachers being accused of having a lesbian affair, yet the film created a heterosexual love triangle between two women and one man.

    Critics stated himosexulity the film was more enjoyable with the absence of the lesbian characters when compared to the original stage play.

    The movies period prior to the "Hays Code" also included many gender role-reversal productions, notably Charlie Chaplin 's A Womanin which Chaplin dresses as a female and plays with the affection of various men. These depictions became rarer for mainstream commercial films with the establishment of the Hollywood Production Code. From —56 Jerry Lewis appeared in several film remakes in roles originally written for women.

    He appeared in drag in the films At War with the ArmyScared Stiffand Money From Movies and routinely adopted "sissy" mannerisms and gender ambiguous role-playing with his partner Mvies Martin.

    During the Second World War and the subsequent Cold War, Hollywood increasingly depicted gay men and women as sadists, psychopaths, and nefarious, anti-social villains. These depictions were driven by the censorship of the code, which was willing to allow "sexual perversion" if it was depicted in a negative manner, as well as the fact that homosexuality was classified as a mental illness and gay men and women were often harassed by the police.

    This can be examined in Alfred Hitchcock 's film Rope. The censorship code gradually became liberalized s—60s, until it was replaced by the current classification mivies established by the Motion Picture Association of America. Legally, it was the case Joseph Burstyn, Inc. Wilson that extended First Amendment legal protection to films, reversing its original verdict, [11] and, in a second movies, ended once common practice of film studios homosexulity the theaters.

    Culturally, American consumers were increasingly less likely to boycott a film at the request of the Catholic Church or fundamentalist Protestant groups. This meant that films with objectionable content did not necessarily need the approval of the Hollywood Production Code or religious groups in order to be successful. As a result, Hollywood gradually became more willing to ignore the code in order to compete with television and the growing access to independent movie international cinema.

    During the s—60s, gay characters in American homosexulity were identified with more overtly sexual innuendos and methods e. During homosexulity post-war era, mainstream American cinema might advocate tolerance for homosexullty, sensitive young men, wrongly, accused of homosexuality, such as in the film adaptation of Tea and Sympathybut gay characters were frequently eliminated from the final cut of the film or depicted as dangerous misfits who would fall prey to a well-deserved violent end.

    The film Lawrence of Arabiawidely seen as one of the best films ever created, was revolutionary for several reasons including depicting not only a character who is heavily implied to be gay, but also implying a relationship between two men. Though T. Lawrence 's sexuality remains ambiguous, director David Lean had Peter O'Toole play his version of the desert hero as a gay man.

    Years later, when mofies about the homosexuality in his hit film, Lean commented, "Throughout, Lawrence was very, if hmoosexulity entirely, homosexual. We thought we were being very daring at the time: Lawrence and Omar After MacLaine's character admits homosrxulity love for Hepburn's, she hangs herself; this set a precedent for miserable endings in films addressing homosexuality.

    The film Inside Daisy Cloverbased on the novel of the same name, was one of the first homosexupity American films during the s—60s to depict an expressly gay or bisexual character who, while forced to marry a woman for his career, is not uncomfortable with his sexual orientation and does not commit suicide or fall victim to murder.

    Yet, beyond a few lines of dialogue, the character's bisexuality was largely restricted to bits of subtext and innuendo. In America, efforts at creating complex gay or bisexual film characters were largely restricted to people such as Andy Warhol and Kenneth Anger.

    Beyond their underground, independent films, a handful of foreign films were depicting gay characters as complex human beings entitled to tolerance, if not equality. However, mainstream American cinema efforts at marketing films for a LGBT audience did not begin until the s. Following the Stonewall riots in New York City and its catapulting of the gay liberation movementHollywood began to look at gay people as a possible consumer demographic.

    It was also in the s, that some anti-gay laws and prejudicial attitudes changed through the work of an increasingly visible LGBT-rights movement and overall attitudes in America about human sexuality, sex and gender roles changed hkmosexulity a result of LGBT-rights, women's liberation and the sexual revolution.

    The Boys in the Band was homosdxulity first attempt of Hollywood to market a film to gay consumers and present an honest look at what it meant to be a gay or homosexulity man in America. The film based on a play of the same name, was often hailed in the mainstream press as a presenting a "landmark of truths", but was often criticized for reinforcing certain anti-gay stereotypes and for failing to deal with LGBT-rights and showing a group of gay homsoexulity bisexual homosexuliyy who are all unhappy, miserable and bitchy.

    In contrast, Fortune and Movies Eyeswas co-produced by MGM, dealt with the issue of homosexuality in prison, and depicted gays in a relatively "open and realistic, non-stereotypical and non-caricatured manner".

    Despite the criticism and setbacks with the Boys in the Band film, the treatment of homosexuality in mvies American film did, gradually, improve during nomosexulity s, especially if the film was directed at a gay audience i. A Very Natural Thingor a more cosmopolitan-liberal homosexultiy i.

    Despite the growing tolerance of homosexuality during moviea s, some Hollywood films throughout the decade still depicted hhomosexulity as an insult or a joke.

    Gay characters were sometimes depicted in mainstream films as dangerous misfits who needed to be cured or killed. Some films would even use anti-gay derogatory himosexulity, often made by the protagonist, in a manner that was not done in Hollywood films with regards to other minority groups. Films like Cruising and Windowsfor example, portrayed movies homosexulith an unrelentingly negative light. The political clout of the "religious right", as it became known, grew as its role in helping to elect, mostly, Republican Party candidates and movies the party further to the political right.

    As a result, a Hollywood film in the mids that depicted gay people as being complex human beings entitled to their rights and dignity was movies potential commercial liability and was at risk of a boycott from the stronghold conservative, right wing homosexuliy. Throughout the s, if a Hollywood film homosexulity not made, primarily, for a gay audience or a cosmopolitan—liberal audience, homosexuality was often depicted as something to laugh at, pity or fear.

    Ignorance about the disease, and how it was spread, was commonplace and the fact that many of the hhomosexulity American victims were gay or bisexual men helped to fuel the myth novies gave the disease its first name; GRID Gay Related Immune Disorder. As mainstream American films began to depict or make reference to the pandemic, the ignorance about the disease, including the idea that if one is gay, then they must have AIDS, spread.

    It was followed by a mainstream television movie, An Early Frostbut the first mainstream Hollywood film about the pandemic, and its impact on the gay community, would be released at the end of the decade; Longtime Companionfollowed up by Philadelphia mogies few years later.

    All of these initial homosexultiy and television movies about the pandemic followed a similar demographic pattern in that person living with AIDS was a white man from a middle-class or upper-class family, who was usually somber and emotional. In the late s and into the s, the cultural and political backlash that had occurred against gay people and gay rights issues began to decline, impacting how Hollywood treated LGBT-issues.

    The clout of Christian fundamentalist had its limits; homosexulitgPat Robertsona homksexulity Christian fundamentalist, ran for president in the Republican Party primary and was soundly defeated. During the decade, more LGBT people had come out, including celebrities mpvies politicians and the AIDS-HIV pandemic homosexulitj forced the broader society to more openly talk about human sexuality, including homosexuality.

    A younger, "gayer" generation of gay people were not only coming out at younger ages, but becoming involved in helping to build what became known, in the early — mids, as "LGBT Cinema".

    New Queer Cinema of the s represented a new era of independent films. Often directed and or homosexlity by openly gay people they featured mostly LGBT characters who were open about their sexual orientation or gender identity and oftentimes openly rejected both homophobia and transphobia as well as the idea that all LGBT characters in film needed to be "positive" or politically correct role models.

    Alongside these independent films, mainstream Hollywood increasingly began to treat homosexuality as a normal part of human sexuality and gay people as a minority group, entitled to dignity and respect. Moviws bigotry against gay people on screen became akin to overt racism, sexism or anti-Semitism. A-list Hollywood stars homoxexulity more eager to play a gay character in a film.

    Initially, most of these Hollywood depictions were in movise context of campy, funny characters, often in drag on some sort of adventure or farce, while teaching a lesson in tolerance, if not equality.

    While likable, decent gay characters were more common in mainstream Hollywood films, same-sex relationships, public displays of affection and intimacy were still generally taboo in mainstream Hollywood films.

    In the s, the protagonist, or his best friend, in a Hollywood film could be LGBT, and a decent person, but, compared to heterosexual moviies in films, the price of this progress was little to no on-screen same-sex intimacy movies sexuality. Outside of independent films or films made primarily for a gay audience, this trend did not really change in America movirs Ang Lee's Brokeback Mountainwhich was a major benchmark in modern gay movies.

    The film provided a new mainstream outlook of homosexuality on film and in society. Other films such as MonsterMilkand Black Swan all feature famous actors and actresses portraying homosexual characters searching for homosedulity and happiness in oppressive societies. It has become very frequent in modern cinema hoomsexulity see these types of lead roles being played by popular celebrities, which was quite rare decades before.

    As the gay rights movement still paves the way for LGBT acceptance homosexulity all different aspects in American society, it has clearly created the possibilities homosexulity seeing homosexual roles in everyday television and film. It is no longer a full-out moral issue to see two men or women fall in love, have fun, and be themselves on camera.

    Though uomosexulity is homosexuilty slightly controversial to create homosexual characters in leading roles, the public has grown comfortable and has progressed with improving the quality of gay themes and images. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved November 17, Journal of Film and Video. Better Left Unsaid. Stanford University Press. Cinema Journal. Images in the Dark. Philadelphia: TLA Publications.

    The Gay and Lesbian Review. Retrieved November 24, Movie censorship and American culture. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press: — In Richardson, Diane; Seidman, Steven eds. Handbook of Lesbian and Homosexuloty Studies.

    Sage Publications. Outcome Buffalo. The Journal of American Culture. Homosexulityy history. In journalism In policing History of same-sex unions Queer erasure bisexual lesbian. Sudan Kenya Niger Uganda. Australia New Zealand Nauru.